Bladder Cancer: Treatment Options are Available for Sufferers
Research has shown that there have been more than 70,000 new cases of bladder cancer reported in the United States. Bladder cancer is the fifth common type of cancer in the country.
For those who suffer from this cancer, the battle is surely daunting. And it is imperative to be informed about the illness and its symptoms, know some treatment options as well as get the needed support and care from Cambridge Place, the best skilled nursing facility in Cambridge Drive, Lexington, KY.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
The symptoms of this cancer can usually be mistaken for other conditions such as a urinary tract infection. Here are the common symptoms and if you or somebody you know is experiencing a number of these symptoms, it’s best to visit a doctor immediately.
- Blood in the urine. The presence of blood in urine can vary from one person to another. The blood in some patient’s urine can be easily detected as it easily changes to red-like color or rust. In other patients, detection is not possible without providing a urine sample. This is the reason a urine test is a must to trace the amounts of blood which could indicate a bladder cancer.
- Pain. A number of sufferers experience pain in the pelvic area and lower back as well as when they urinate.
- Changes in bladder habit. Some people who have bladder cancer notice an urgency to urinate and more frequent trips to the bathroom. While this symptom is also a symptom of urinary tract infection, it can also indicate a bladder cancer.
Bladder Cancer Detection
- Cystoscopy. This involves the insertion of a thin, tube-like camera into the patient’s urethra. The camera comes with a light attached that enables the physician to see signs of cancer in the body.
- Urine cytology. This refers to the microscopic search for cancer cells within the urine.
- Biopsy. During the cystoscopy, it is likely the physician recommends taking a small tissue or cell sample for further testing.
- X-ray or CT scan. This is important to examine the urinary tract.
Bladder Cancer Causes
Even if there is no direct cause of this form of cancer, there are many things which put somebody at a greater risk to get cancer.
- Age. Nearly 90 percent of people with bladder cancer are more than 55 years old.
- Gender. Men are at a higher risk for bladder cancer than women. In the United States, this cancer is the 4th most common in men and 9th most common in women.
- Chemical exposure. People who are exposed to a huge amount of chemicals are at a greater risk for contracting cancer.
- Smoking. Cigarettes and smoking pipes enable the absorption of harmful chemicals to the lungs which will be moved to the blood and processed by the kidneys and then gathered in the urine. As such chemicals rest in the urine, they can damage the bladder’s inner cell lining.
- Birth defects. While this is rare, a number of people are born with bladder defects which can eventually result in bladder cancer.
- Family history. People who have a family history of cancer in the bladder are at risk of developing it later in life.
- Poor hydration. Consuming enough water reduces the chances of developing the disease.
Bladder Cancer Treatments
To treat bladder cancer, there are a lot of factors to be taken into account. Treatment for this cancer depends on the stage of cancer and the tumor’s grade.
- Chemotherapy. This option makes use of drugs for killing cancers. It can be used in combination with other therapies.
- Surgery. Surgical intervention is available to the majority of bladder cancer patients. The surgery can be done in two different ways. The two kinds of surgery that can be done are transurethral Resection (TUR) and open surgery.
- Biological therapy. This treatment option is used for treating bladder cancer in the early stages. The procedure involves the direct injection of a liquid that contains weakened bacteria into the bladder. The bacteria help in boosting the immune system of the body to help in killing the cancerous cells.